Ancient Aryans were not divided on the basis of caste & creed. However, gradually differences started & four major
categories emerged which were named as ba`aQNa, xai~aya, vaOSya and SaUd . While initially this division was
based on the type of work people did, later birth became the basis i.e. son of brahman was deemed to be brahman
and that of a vaishya, a vaishya. This division further divided the Brahmans which was initially on the basis of Rishi/Muni
and later on the places of residence.
Being the native of Brahmakshetra, prayers and study of Ved and simple living earned them the name ''Brahman''. What
is Brahmakshetra ? Kalidas''s famous work ''Meghdoot'' reveals that Gaurwar in Rajasthan is the old Brahmakshetra and
its main city is the Pali of present Marwar. Those Gaur Brahmans who were related to Gaurwar were called Paliwal
Brahmans. This way Paliwals are basically Gaur Brahmans.
Paliwals are Brahmans & hence are amongst
Gaur Brahman, who originated from Pali, the old and famous city of Jodhpur. Earlier they were called Paliwal Gaur &
after moving out to different places for the sake of defending the religion, they came to be known as Paliwal Brahmans.
Marwar''s famous historian, Munshi Prashad describes Pali is very old city. There are many gardens, wells, ponds outside
the city. This is the homeland of Paliwal Brahmans.